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A Look Back - March 1962

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A Look Back - March 1962

Updated Weekly



By Wally Peel

Rusk-Gromyko Talks Stalled

     In yet another attempt to keep the East -West differences on Berlin from widening, U. S. Secretary of State Dean Rusk met once again with Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko.

     The talks occurred in an atmosphere of deadlock .  The only known new proposal before them being a Soviet plan for a vague international watch on the land, air and water corridors.

     The plan presupposed that American. British and French garrisons would have to leave Berlin.  It gave day-to-day control over the access routes to the East Germans, with an international body acting only in an advisory capacity.

     That would put the Western powers in the position of recognizing the Communist East German regime.

     The proposal as presented was completely unacceptable to the Rusk and the Western Allies.

     The talks took place on the eve of Rusk's scheduled  return to Washington,

     The seventeen nation conference in Geneva would continue.  Rusk and other high level officials made it clear that they would return whenever their presence seemed useful.

Anti-Poll Tax Bill

Senator Spressard Holland     Senator Mike Mansfield of Montana threatened his colleagues  with a rare Saturday session in an effort to speed up the vote on an anti-poll tax bill. 

     The Senate was in its seventh day of debate on a motion to take up a minor bill to which  Florida Senator Spressard Holland had attached a proposed constitutional amendment.  The amendment would eliminate the poll tax as a requirement for voting in Federal Elections.

     In what one Republican called a friendly filibuster, southern Democrats kept talking against the anti- poll tax measure. 

     Acting GOP leader Senator Thomas H. Kuchel said Republicans were ready to vote, and had engaged in "no obstruction of any kind".

  Note:  The anti poll tax measure began as an amendment to a bill that would have made the home of Alexander Hamilton a National Monument. When that bill was presented on the Senate floor, in a political maneuver, Senator Spressard Holland offered an amendment that stated that  the rights of citizens to vote should not be denied for failure to pay a poll tax.

     Following lengthy debate, Senator Holland's amendment was substituted for the original proposal, completely eliminating the original subject of a national monument.

     The anti poll tax measure eventually became the 24th Amendment to the Constitution and was sent to the states for ratification,  It was ratified on January 23, 1964.

     Mississippi specifically rejected the amendment.  Seven other states, Arizona, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, Oklahoma, South Carolina and Wyoming have not ratified the amendment.

Gift Horse for Jackie

Jackie Kennedy on Sardar     During her tour of India and Pakistan, first lady Jacqueline Kennedy received many gifts, including  two gold necklaces with pearls and gems, and two Royal Bengal tigers cubs.

     By law, any such gifts valued at more than $25 are to be turned over to the State Department.  Gifts of animals were to be placed in zoos.

     When asked about the disposition of the various gifts Mrs. Kennedy received, White House Press Secretary Pierre Salinger said all gifts, with one exception would be "handled in the way state gifts have historically been handled."

          In a gesture of goodwill, Pakistan's President Ayub Khan presented the first lady with  a ten year old bay gelding named Sardar. 

     An expert horsewoman, Mrs. Kennedy understandably did not want to part with the thoroughbred.  She was allowed to keep Sardar by paying a duty on the horse The duty amounted to seven and a half percent of Sardar's Value. 

     The horse and two tiger cubs were brought to the United States aboard a military air transport that made regular flights  to India and Pakistan, and generally returned empty.

     Following the normal quarantine period, Sardar was taken to the Kennedy estate, Glen Ora, in Middleburg, Virginia, to share a stable with four year old Caroline's two ponies, Macaroni and Tex.

      Once past the legal barrier of being allowed to keep Sardar, there was one more barrier that needed to be dealt with...the language barrier. 

     Sardar only understood Urdu commands.

     What happens when you mount a Pakistani horse and say "Giddiyup"?  Nothing. 

     You're galloping along and say "Whoa".  What happens then?   You keep going.

     Mrs. Kennedy needed to learn a bit of the Urdu language.  In order to begin her ride, instead of  "Giddiyup" she would have to say ""Chull beta" (Urdu for "Let's go son.")  In order to get Sardar to stop, instead of "Whoa", she would have to say "Bus Bus" ("Enough enough." in Urdu).  

     Had she not been willing to "learn the language", the only other option would have been for the Kennedy's to stable Sardar with Mr. Ed.                                                                                                                                                                      
Paret vs. Griffith-a Brutal Battle

Benny      It was the fight boxing fans had been waiting for.  The World Welterweight Championship bout between Emile Griffith and Benny "Kid" Paret.      

     The two had fought twice before in 1961. 

     In the first match in Miami, Griffith took the title away from Paret , knocking the Champ out in round 13 of a scheduled 15 rounder.  About five months later the two met again in Madison Square Garden.  Paret reclaimed the title on a split decision.

     The third Paret-Griffith fight was nationally televised. 

     There were hard feelings between the two before they entered the ring.  At the weigh in, Paret taunted Griffith, calling him Maricón, a Spanish word for "faggot".  An upset Griffith wanted to fight Benny right on the spot.

     In the fight, Griffith won the first five rounds on all cards.  Near the end of round six, Paret connected with a left hook that put Griffith down for an eight count just before the bell.

     Round 12 started slow with the fighters locking arms and showing signs of tiredness.  Then suddenly Griffith literally exploded.  With a hard right he drove Paret into a neutral corner. Griffith hit " Kid" 29 times in a row, eighteen of those blows in a span of six seconds The flurry of punches drove the champs head out between the top and middle ropes. 

     As referee Ruby Goldstein pulled Griffith back, the helpless Paret collapsed to the canvas.

     The stunned crowd watched in silence as a stretcher was brought in, and the unconscious fighter was carried from the ring.  Paret was taken to Roosevelt Hospital.  The fallen champ slipped into a coma, and was reported to be near death. 

     Fans kept vigil and hoped Benny could fight his way back, but that was not to be.

     Benny "Kid" Paret died ten days later without ever regaining consciousness.                                                                                                                                       

Billings Mayor Blasts Welfare System

No Vacancy     Billings Mayor Carl Clavadelscher charged that a double standard was apparently being applied to welfare cases in Montana.  He said, "Middle aged or young people can live in any kind of house as long as it won't burn down in a 10 mile an hour wind, but the County moves old ones from its hospital or nursing home because the buildings don't match up to standards."

     Clavadelscher hinted that the city wasn't entirely blameless for the welfare problems in  Yellowstone County.  He suggested that the substandard housing situation might be solved by demolishing old structures and assessing the cost against the property owners.

     "If Billings can get itself a reputation of not having housing for reliefers who want to move in, I'm all for it" the Mayor said, adding "Maybe then they'll go to Great Falls or Butte.  There's always a Capistrano for those swallows."

     Clavadelscher said immediate emergency relief would always be needed in Billings, or anywhere else for that matter, and said that those receiving such relief should get a road map with it.  "If there is no place for them to live," he said, "they can't stay in Billings.  It's as simple as that.

     The outspoken Mayor may have one of those road maps in his own back pocket.  He made his remarks just prior to his own departure from Billings to take a job with the federal government as a labor-management mediator.                                                  

 Montana PTA Rejects Federal Aid

Montana PTA     Delegates attending the Montana Congress of Parents and Teachers state convention in Great Falls rejected an education policy ballot that included a proposed resolution supporting federal aid to education.

     Many objected to the way questions were worded on the ballot.  One delegate said the proposals were worded in such a manner that if they voted against the proposition it would mean an even stronger "yes" vote than if they actually voted "yes".

     A delegate who was clearly in the minority commented..."We're getting federal aid already.  What's wrong with the federal government?  Are you more afraid of it than you are of Russia?  Her question was answered with a resounding "Yes!"

    The convention went on to adopt a resolution that said the Montana PTA convention refused to consider the national program, and that Montana PTA officers had been instructed to go on record as being opposed to "federal intervention".                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               

Federal Building Expansion

     Congressional committees submitted nearly $5 million worth of Federal projects for Helena, Havre and Bozeman.

     If approved, Helena would see a $1,751.000 expansion of its Federal Building. 

     The 141,000 square foot addition would permit the entire first floor of the building to be converted to postal use.

     The  Federal Building in Helena was built in 1904.  An extension was added in 1933.

     Another proposed project was for a Post Office and Federal Building in Bozeman.  With approximately 94,800 square feet of space, it would have room for nearly all federal agencies in that city.  At the time, the federal government was leasing space at 16 locations in Bozeman.

     The other proposed project was for a 12,400 square foot building to house the Immigration and Naturalization Service in Havre. 

     The projects needed the approval of the House and Senate Public Works Committees before funding could be provided.                                                                             

Late Movies

Drive In Theatre     Representatives of Helena's three movie theatres opposed the proposed change to daylight saving time in the Capital City.

     The two Drive In Theatre owners, Chub Munger of the Sunset Drive In, and Keith Didriksen of the Sky-Hi Drive In, and Allen Schrimpf, manager of the Marlow Theatre appeared before a meeting of the Helena Retail Merchants to voice their opposition.

     Munger pointed out that the drive-ins would be forced to start their movies at 10pm, and people attending would not be home until 2am if there was a double feature.

     The three said their monthly payroll amounted to about $55,000, and the change to daylight saving time would hurt all of their businesses.

    Merchants President Marius Olsen asked the membership to consider the merits and weaknesses of the proposed change before making a decision on whether or not to support the change to daylight time.  


Also in the News.........

     Defense counsel Dr. Robert Servatius, asked the Israeli  Supreme Court to set aside the death sentence of former Gestapo officer Adolph Eichmann.  He claimed Eichmann was brought to Israel illegally, and tried under an invalid law.      

     The government approved production of Type III oral polio vaccine for general use.  Americans would soon be able to get protection against all forms of polio by spoon as well as by the needle.

     A Montana Air National Guard F89 jet crashed and burned while landing at Gore Field in Great Falls.  The heroic actions of the radar observer saved the pilots life.

     There was plenty of road construction activity underway in Helena.  The Lyndale overpass was reported to be 94% complete.

    The new $156,000, seven place Queen Air plane purchased by the state arrived in Helena.  When he went to Missoula to attend a lecture by Senator Barry Goldwater, Governor Tim Babcock acted as co-pilot of the aircraft.

     Let's go biking.  Helena Hardware was running a special on the new Boy-Girl convertible bike.  The 20 inch model with Shur-Stop coaster brakes, puncture proof tires and a lifetime frame guarantee was selling at $21.95.  24 inch bikes were $37.95 and 26 inch models were $39.95.   

     Mr. and Mrs. Charles Pride of 825 Madison welcomed a new son into their family.  The boy was born March 23rd at Saint John's Hospital.

     Butte police were watching for a person with a bad case of the jitters.  Someone broke into a Butte business and stole 810 pounds of coffee.                                                 
Here at the Station.........

     Local talent filled our studio with music when  the Union Bank Chorus stopped by.  Members of the melodious group were, Sheila Tank, Darlene Allen, Jean Carroll, Eldora McBride, Marjorie Merrill, Josephine Foley, Walter Trerise, Gordon Samuelson, Herman Mayer, Marilyn Covell, Edwin Jasmin, Michael Griffith, and Michael Kieckbusch.  Don Stagg was the accompanist and Tom Madden was the Chorus Director.

Calvin and Sister Sue     On "Calvin and the Colonel", the Colonel frantically tried to stop Sister Sue's impending wedding when he realized that once married, her rent money would no longer be coming in.

    Grandpa became an unexpected martyr when he was taken to court for burning his own rubbish on the "Real McCoys"

   On "The Detectives", gangsters seized a farm truck belonging to a Japanese-American, and forced his daughter to join them in an armored car holdup.

     Kookie went undercover as a truck driver, and Roscoe posed as a chef as the two investigated a band of hijackers on "77 Sunset Strip".    
     Dobie's newest heartthrob thought his first name was ridiculous and ordered him to change it on "Dobie Gillis".     
     On "The Red Skelton Show", Marilyn Maxwell guest starred as am answering service  switchboard operator.  Her clients included Clem Kadiddlehopper, Oliver Shagnasty, Cauliflower McPugg and Willie Lump Lump.

     Disaster was imminent when Beaver and Richard took on the chore of washing laundry on "Leave It To Beaver".      

     On "Bonanza", while returning home from a cattle drive, the Cartwright's stopped overnight in a strange town.  That night the bank was robbed  and a man was killed.  The Cartwright's were jailed when the Sheriff found $30,000 in one of their saddle bags.



 At the last ten days in March 50 years ago.


Jobless Training Bill
President Kennedy     President Kennedy signed legislation that permitted the retraining of up to a million unemployed workers.
     The new $345 million program gave real meaning to the Full Employment Act of 1956, making possible the training of hundreds of thousands of workers.  It would help those who had lost their jobs to automation, and retrain workers who did not have the skills required keep up with the changing workplace environment.
     Kennedy said his administration would move promptly and vigorously to launch the retraining program.

     The three year plan passed with bi-partisan support.                                                                                                                                                                          
Nuclear Arms Talks
     The Soviet Union accused the United States of seeking to resume the nuclear arms testing race.
     The charge, from Soviet Ambassador Semynn Tsarapkin represented an attempt by the Kremlin to make the United States take the blame for any new rounds of nuclear test explosions.
     The accusation came as Eastern and Western groups tried to lure the eight neutral countries, known as the "middle men",  to their sides.  That group included Brazil, India, Mexico, The United Arab Republic, Burma, Ethiopia, Nigeria and Sweden.
     Those nations began their own moves in the conference to keep the U. S. and Soviet Union negotiating on the widest possible range of testing and disarmament proposals.
     The two sides remained far apart with Western powers wanting disarmament verified through international inspections, while the Soviets insisted on a national inspection system, and  stood fast on their refusal to allow foreign inspectors on their soil.

     Lack of progress in the talks made the resumption of U.S. nuclear weapons tests in the atmosphere seem inevitable.                                                                                                                             

They Wouldn't Be Afraid To Ask For Directions If Necessary

Jane Hart     Jane Hart, wife of Michigan Senator Phillip A. Hart, asked Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson to help break up the "men only" exclusiveness of the American space program.  In so doing, Mrs. Hart made it quite clear that she would like to be the first woman in space herself.

     Having had her proposal treated with reluctance by NASA head James E. Webb, it was her hope that the Vice President might be more effective in helping her sell the idea.

     Mrs. Hart said a program for female astronauts could be gotten off the ground very quickly if men could just be convinced that it would not destroy their virility.

     Mrs. Hart backed her request with impressive credentials.  She was one of 12 women who had successfully undergone the tough physical tests given to the seven male Mercury astronauts when they first aspired to the job.

     Mrs. Hart was a licensed airplane and helicopter pilot.  She and her group had logged more than 1,000 hours of flying  ime.                                                                                             

Send Delinquents to Legislators Homes

Headline     District judge Lester H. Loble, called upon the Governor and Board of Examiners to look into the overcrowding and deplorable conditions at the State School in Miles City, the Vocational School for Girls, and the Montana Children's Center in Twin Bridges.

     Serving as chairman of juvenile judges, Loble said when violent crimes occur, judges are hard put to know what to do with youngsters in order to rehabilitate them.

     "Apparently those charged with providing adequate facilities don't care to look'".  They are among those that think  that if they don't look, it will go away. It won't, " Loble said. 

     He urged officials to look into the situation in Miles City and the other institutions, and through emergency funding or some other means provide them with adequate facilities.

      In a full day of open juvenile court hearings, Judge Loble heard the cases of eight juvenile delinquents involved with a rash of burglaries.  Of the eight, five were  committed to the Miles City facility until they reached age 21.  The three others were placed on probation.

     The judge threatened to send the youths to the homes of  members of the Appropriations Committee until adequate funding was provided to alleviate overcrowding.  "If I could, I would commit these youngsters to those committee members as foster parents.", Loble said.

     The long day of dealing with juvenile crime was just the beginning, as a recent wave of thefts and burglaries would be bringing eight more youths before Judge Loble the following week, and five more after that.

          On summing up the findings of the juvenile hearings, Judge Loble took the opportunity to reprimand parents as well as the teen agers who appeared before him.  "Discipline," he said, "begins in the high chair, not the electric chair."

Changes in Helena Postal Service
Four cent stamp     Helena Postmaster Hugh Potter announced a number of changes to the mail routes his facility covers.

     The biggest change was the conversion of the area along U.S. Highway 91 from Saint Josephs Home to just north of Vandenberg Village from rural to city mail service.  Sunhaven Addition and the area west of the highway to Forestvale Road would also be included.

     All that area had been included in a rural route covered by Postman Joe DeBar, whose route also included Unionville, Silver, the Three Mile Road and the remainder of the Helena valley.        He serviced approximately 550 families along the 95 mile route. Steady growth in the valley made that route too large for one man to handle.

     The converted area would be covered by Carrier 16 who also handled most of the city area north of Poplar.

     Postmaster Potter said assistant supervisor of mails Ray Anderson and a number of other  Post Office employees had set up a house numbering system in the covered area.   Most roads and lanes already had names, but some had to be changed because of repetition.

     Potter also announced that a new foot delivery route would go into effect in the Sixth Ward area.  That route would include the business district and parts or all of Boulder, East Lyndale, Gallatin, Lewis. Phoenix and Walnut Streets.  That area had previously been covered by several truck routes.

     In 1962 the Helena Post Office serviced approximately 25,000 people with 18 city and three parcel post routes.  The domestic letter rate was 4 cents.  Airmail stamps were 7 cents.

Note:   Locations mentioned...U.S. Highway 91 is now North Montana Avenue.  Saint Josephs Home was at Montana and Custer at about the present ShopKo Store location.                              

CPR For The "Goose"?

     The Montana Railroad Commission renewed its fight to restore passenger train service between Butte, Helena and Great Falls.

     The Commission issued an order for the Great Northern Railway company to appear in the Capitol House Chamber to show cause why it should not be required to restore the three-city service that had been stopped in November.

     In the order, the MRC stated it had received complaints from the public about the need for rail passenger service between the three cities and intermediate points. 

     The order pointed out delays, inconveniences and hazards involved in traveling between Helena and Great Falls through Wolf Creek Canyon due to construction of the new interstate highway.

     Commission Chairman Jack Holmes said Montana's multi-million dollar tourist season would soon be in full swing.  Travelers visiting the state by rail would be greatly inconvenienced by the lack of the north-south train service. 

     Cost of operation was the reason for the shutdown of the service.  The two sides were far apart on their estimates of loss.  Great Northern claimed they were losing more than $50,000 a year.  The MRC estimated the loss at less than $15,000 a year.

     The one car passenger train that served the three cities was known as the "Galloping Goose".                                                                                                                                         

1962 State Class C Tournament 

Ball on court     The journey to the tourney began with 122 teams.  A full season of action narrowed that number to eight.  Of those teams, only one would be leaving the Capital City with the Championship Trophy.

      From the opening tip off of the game between the Kremlin Foxes and  Rosebud Wranglers, to the final buzzer of the championship matchup, the Helena High Gymnasium was packed with enthusiastic fans.  

     In addition to the Foxes and Wranglers, the Dutton Cardinals and Broadus Hawks were in town.  So were Outlook's Blue Jays, the Corvallis Blue Devils, Joliet's J-Hawks and the Sheridan Panthers.

     The towns they came from may have been small, but in observing the spirit of the folks in the stands it was clear these eight teams had some of the biggest fans in the State.

     By Saturday night we reached our "Final Four."

     In the consolation game the Outlook Blue Jays made their long 514 mile trip to Helena a successful one, taking third place honors, beating Rosebud 69-54.

     Corvallis and Sheridan fought it out in the Championship game.  Coach Max Blodgett's Blue Devils came out on top, taking home their first State Class C Title.  The final score... Corvallis 58 Sheridan 48.    

     Three players were unanimous choices for the Class C All Tourney team.  They were six foot senior Gary Richards  of Broadus, six foot four inch junior Sam Olson of Corvallis and 5 foot five inch senior Phil Koterba of Outlook.  Rounding out the squad were six foot one inch senior Dan Moore of Sheridan, and five foot nine inch senior Wayne Olson of Rosebud.  Sheridan Coach Ed Bergquist was named the outstanding mentor of the tourney.

     Marilyn Golden of Joliet was crowned Queen of the 1962 State Class C Tournament. 

     When the Helena High Gym wasn't packed, our local stores and restaurants were. 

     Tourney Week was truly a great week in Helena.                                                                                                                                                                                                                         

Taps Flow Green

Green tap water     Some East Side residents didn't have to look at their calendars to realize Saint Patrick's Day had arrived. 

     When they turned on their taps that morning, much to their surprise, their water was green.

     It turned out some prankster, probably a Leprechaun, had tampered with the water in Hale Reservoir.

     State Board of Health chemist L. S. Champa determined that the color was probably caused by a harmless dye.

     Investigators believe a plastic bag they found  in the reservoir probably contained the green dye.  It had been cut open and tossed in the water.  The only way to get rid of the green water was to drain, flush, and refill the reservoir.

     City Manager W. J. Leary said officials noticed tire tracks leading to Hale.  Identical tracks were also  discovered around Wolston Reservoir No. 2.  Wolston was thought to be the original target, but it was covered with ice.

     The incident was obviously all in fun with no harm intended, but Leary stressed that tampering with the city's water supply was a serious matter that could prove to be extremely dangerous.

     He made it very clear that persons caught compromising public utilities would be punished severely.                                                                                                                



Also in the News.........  

     Helena High Principal Charles Johnson told the Rotary Club that school had already outgrown its new building.  Taxpayers would be voting on a $345,000 bond issue for an addition to the school in June.

     A heart condition that had been discovered two years earlier caused NASA to change its mind, and announce that Donald K. "Deke" Slayton would not be the next American to venture into space.  Astronaut Scott Carpenter was named to take his place.  Slayton was eventually restored to full flight status and finally got his time in space as a part of the Apollo-Soyuz project in 1975.

 Princess Grace of Monaco    Princess Grace, the former Grace Kelly, would be returning to the silver screen.  She left her acting career behind when she married Rainier III, the Prince of Monaco in 1956. She would be playing the part of Lisa Carol Fremont in the upcoming Alfred Hitchcock film "Rear Window".

     Fashion designer Don Loper was jailed on a felony hit and run charge in Hollywood.  Police said he crossed a double yellow dividing line and struck another car.  Comedian/actor Jerry Lewis was among those assisting in the pursuit.

      Students in a Detroit school would be spending a year in classrooms without windows.  It was part of an experiment to determine whether or not children learned their lessons faster if they couldn't look outside.

          Forty bowlers took to the lanes to start the American Congress Tenpin Bowling Tournament in Des Moines, Iowa.  27,000 entrants would compete in the event over a 69 day period.                                                                          
Here at the Station.........

Fred FlintstonePearl Slaghoople     Fred braced himself for a visit from Wilma's mother Pearl Slaghoople on "The Flintstones".  His apprehension increased when he learned she had sold her home.

     On "Have Gun Will Travel", an Eastern school girl sought Paladin's help in finding her Mother.

     A wounded prisoner had hopes the doctor's daughter would fall in love with him and help him escape on "Rawhide".

    "Sunday Sports Spectacular" featured the 1962 World Amateur Ice Hockey Championships.

     Chief Kerman's upcoming visit to the 53rd Precinct had Captain Block upset on "Car 54 Where Are You?".

     On "Frontier Circus", Casey became guardian of two young Japanese acrobats. The formality of the orient and informality of the American frontier soon collided.

    To celebrate Saint Patrick's Day, tenor Emmet McGrath was a special guest soloist on "Mitch Miller".

     "Fight of the Week" featured a bout between Luis Rodriquez of Havana, Cuba and Ricardo Falech of Buenos Aires.   

     Andy volunteered to help county nurse Mary Simpson persuade Rafe Hollister to take a tetanus shot on the "Andy Griffith Show".

     On "The Rifleman", Mark McCain encountered a blind, banjo-playing war veteran and soon learned the ex-soldier was seeking revenge on the man who blinded him.


 At the third week in March 50 years ago

200 Red Rebels Killed

Helicopter in the Mekong Delta     About 200 Communist guerrillas were killed during a three day government offensive in the Mekong River Delta of southwestern Vietnam.

     The casualties were mostly caused by air strikes carried out by American supplied planes that were assisting South Vietnamese forces. 

     A military source reported that at least five of the helicopters were hit by small arms fire, but that all made a safe return to Saigon.


Eve of Geneva

Secretary of State Dean Rusk     On the eve of complex negotiations in Geneva, Secretary of State Dean Rusk, and his Soviet counterpart, Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko used similar words to call for a prompt end to the arms race.

     Gromyko told reporters that the seventeen nation disarmament conference needed to make a serious effort to remove "avalanche of arms" that was placing a  tremendous burden on mankind.  His comments did not include any reference to the problems in Berlin.

     Secretary of State Rusk promised that the United States Government would do everything possible to stem the arms race and reduce world tension.

     As hopeful as the two statements were, they did not erase the reality that  there were some sharp differences dividing Washington and Moscow.

     Having been thwarted in his effort to get the conference opened on a summit level, Moscow sources indicated that Premier Khrushchev was quite disappointed, and not particularly optimistic about the chances for any agreement.

Rationing in Cuba

Rationig in Cuba     Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro admitted that his three year old revolution was facing some serious problems. 

    In announcing a drastic rationing of food and other staples he declared "We are ashamed of not fulfilling the promises made."

     Castro blamed the hardships on counter-revolutionary elements and "the brutal economic blockade".  He was referring to the embargo of nearly all American goods with the exception of medical supplies.  President Kennedy ordered that embargo the month before,

     In his address to the Cuban people, Castro was unsmiling, and his tone was bitter, as he drew back on his promise that rationing would end near mid-year.  He blamed the shortages on Yankee imperialism, and the problems he claimed he inherited from ex-President Batista whom he toppled in 1959.


Metcalf Says Right-wingers Lie

Montana Senator Lee Metcalf     Senator Lee Metcalf accused right wingers of attributing a spurious quotation to Soviet Premier Khrushchev in an effort to arouse Americans against their elected U. S. Officials.

     The quotation that Metcalf said was being thrown at many members of Congress credited Khrushchev  with saying that while Americans can't be expected to jump from capitalism to communism, they can assist their elected leaders in giving Americans small doses of  socialism, until they suddenly awake to find they have communism.

     The Montana Senator said investigations had been made by the Library of Congress, the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee, the FBI and Central Intelligence Agency.  None had been able to trace the quotation back to the Soviet leader.

     Metcalf said the false quotation was perpetrated by mischievous persons who want Americans to believe that their president, their senators and representatives, their judges and local officials were all Communist Stooges.

Taps are Flowing 

Bar sign     In the early 1950's Hank Thompson recorded a song called "Wild Side of Life".  In it he sang about "the places where the wine and liquor flows".

     Montana could well have qualified as one of those places back in 1962.  At the time, our state had nearly four times the U.S. average of bars per capita. 

     According to statistics released by the State Liquor Control Board, Montana  averaged 2.26 bars per thousand population. 

     "Old Timers" will tell you downtown Helena certainly had its share.

     The Liquor Board report indicated that Montana was fortunate to have a high caliber of bar owners and operators. 

     Chairman J. K. Rafn said the board was keeping close tabs on the transfers of bar ownerships, and monitoring any questionable procedures such as profit sharing arrangements between bar owners and employees. 

     He added that one of the  goals of the Montana Liquor Law Administration was to maintain the highest standard possible for bars throughout the state.

Silver Bow Gets Slap on the Wrist

     Silver Bow County was given a slap on the wrist for its alleged violation of Montana Statutes.

     The criticism came in the form of an official report issued by State Examiner Albert E. Leuthold.

     The long list of misdeeds included improper payment of claims from state aid funds, the use of hospital building funds for purposes other than those originally intended, improper use of Civic Center monies, failure to obtain bids for equipment purchases, violations of state budget laws, and failure to comply with requests that had been previously made.

     Leuthold said Silver Bow's biggest problem was failure to collect delinquent taxes.  The report noted that a better collection program had been instituted.  He also said the illegal sale of tax deed land had apparently been discontinued.

     For all the alleged violations, Silver Bow County Commissioners were simply advised to take corrective Action.

Students Chant "We Want Beds"

Montana School of MInes     About 60 Montana School of Mines students gathered in front of the home of campus president Dr. E. G. Koch to protest a raise in board and room rates.
     Due to increasing costs, the fee would be going up to $75 for a double room and $78 for a single room the following year.   Those would still be the lowest rates of any state school in the university system.
     As they burned discarded beds in a bonfire, the students chanted "We want beds", and "We need beds"

     Among the placards displayed was one that read "Seventy five dollars for a flop house?" 

     When asked if the demonstration was organized by any specific group, one student replied "People with sore backs are sponsoring this." 

     It seemed the main concern was not a matter of money, but rather the old, uncomfortable war surplus beds the school provided.

     The protest ended abruptly when the president's wife appeared before the students and calmly told them that their demonstration was no way to present their problems,  She asked why the group spokesman hadn't made a formal petition.

     Her soft spoken question went unanswered, and the protest ended quietly.

Remote Control Classrooms

     Technology took a front row seat in classrooms at Helena Junior High School.

     When a 12 year old seventh grader suffered an attack of rheumatic fever, he was allowed to go home after ten days in the hospital, but was to remain in bed for about six more weeks to recover.

     In order to avoid his missing an extended period of class work, the school set up an intercom between his classes and his bedroom.  The connection allowed the student to hear everything that went on in class, and answer any questions posed to him by his teachers.

     Classmates brought him written assignments after school, and picked them up the next morning

      When asked about school by "remote control" the young man said, "it's working fine.  It's a pretty soft life just lying here listening.  About the only disadvantage is that I miss demonstrations and blackboard work."

     The intercom was hooked up to his home room class taught by Ella Ogilvie, and to classes taught by Charles Beveridge.  Subjects covered included math, science, history, English, spelling and literature.

     Doctors said the illness was not expected to have any lasting effects.

     Beyond the classroom the young man was looking forward to playing Legion C League baseball in the summertime.

Also in the News.........

     Premier Khrushchev claimed the Soviet Union had created a global rocket that was invulnerable to anti-missile weapons and capable of attacking the United States from any direction.

     The Air Force successfully launched its sixth straight intercontinental range Minuteman Missile.  The weapons system was expected to be fully operational at sites including the Minuteman complex in Montana by summer.

      An early morning fire destroyed the Shannon Hotel in Glasgow.  The 58 year old, three story structure was one of the oldest buildings in the northeastern Montana town.

    Two Delta Dart jet fighters from Geiger Air Force Base in Spokane flew over Glacier National Park on a unique snow packing mission.  The sleek F-106's flew over the mountains east of Lake McDonald at low altitude, creating a sonic boom which park officials hoped would pack the snow and reduce the danger of snow slides.

     Governor Babcock said he would not issue a proclamation for Saint Patrick's Day, explaining that proclamations were getting to be a dime a dozen. Babcock said the Patron Saint of the Emerald Isle was entitled to more praise than could be contained in a stereotyped document.  The Governor noted that he was proud to be one quarter Irish.

Whistles     Arizona Indian Association member Joe Sanders was called upon to testify at a U.S. Civil Rights Commission hearing.  "Speaking from an Indian point of view," Sanders said, "I hope you don't louse up your immigration policies as badly as we did."

     A doctor in Tucson kept a supply of lollipops and whistles on hand to reward the youngsters he treated.  It took a little time but the good doctor finally admitted that he only gave the whistles to the children of uncooperative parents.

     In Torrington, Connecticut, a trailer truck jackknifed on an icy road and knocked down a sign.  The incident only made news because the truck's 20 ton cargo was rock salt, used to treat slippery roads.

     In Hollywood, Tony Curtis and Janet Leigh separated after a two year  marriage, and the rumor mill was reporting the marriage of Eddie Fisher and Elizabeth Taylor was on the rocks.

Here at the Station.........

Scene from Rawhide episode - Hostage Child     On "Rawhide", a starving Indian boy was caught stealing food from the chuck wagon.   When they heard his story, sympathetic drovers tried to help him find his missing sister.

     Bronco tried to prevent one of his ranch hands from challenging Wild Bill Hickok to a gunfight on "Cheyenne".

     On "Surfside 6", With a tie clasp his only clue, Sandy set out to prove that a singer was framed into signing a contract.

     Buz and Tod persuaded a onetime musical comedy star to try for a comeback on "Route 66".

     Milton Berle hosted an hour of comedy and music with guest stars Jack Benny, Lena Horne, Laurence Harvey and Janis Page.

     On "Twilight Zone", an old man found special pleasure in performing magic tricks for a crippled little girl,  Her dream came true when she learned who the old man really was,

     As part of their sociology course, Dobie and Maynard were assigned to work with a  group of hostile young people on "Dobie Gillis".

     Walter encountered family opposition when he tried to enforce an economy wave on "Hathaways".

     On "Bachelor Father", Gregg wrote off the expense of entertaining a beautiful girl as a tax deduction.  When the IRS investigated the claim, the girl refused to corroborate his story.




At the second week in March 50 years ago.

Airliner Crashes Near New York

American Airlines crash - March 1, 1962     An American Airlines jet liner with 95 people on board crashed and burned in a marsh off Long Island's south shore.

     Bound for Los Angeles, the Boeing 707 took off from Idlewild Airport with 87 passengers and a crew of 8.

     Shortly after takeoff, the plane banked left, flipped 90 degrees, and began an upside down, nose first descent.  Nearly vertical, the aircraft  plunged into the murky, shallow waters of Jamaica Bay, and exploded on impact.  A geyser of water and heavy black smoke rose from the point of impact.

     Rescuers were on the scene almost immediately, but no survivors were found. 

     At the time it was the nation's highest death toll involving a single commercial plane.

     Among those who perished was Robert Cain, a former star athlete at Custer County High School in Miles City.  He was a flight engineer  for American Airlines.

     The crash was the first involving a 707 in scheduled U.S. Airline service since the jet first went into operation in late 1958.                                  

It's Up To You Nikita
Nikita Khrushchev     President Kennedy announced that the United States would resume nuclear testing in the atmosphere unless the Soviet Union agreed quickly to a reliable nuclear test ban treaty.

     In an address broadcast to the U.S. audience on network radio and television, and to the world over the Voice of America, Kennedy urged Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev to reconsider his position, and tackle anew the problem of test ban negotiations.

     The United States and Britain were insisting that any test ban treaty needed to provide an international inspection system to prevent either side from cheating.

     The Soviet stand called for national inspection system, which the U.S. and Britain considered to be "unreliable self inspection"

     Unless there was a radical, unexpected change in the Soviet position, the U.S. would resume testing in the atmosphere in April.

     The President said Khrushchev had it in his power to halt the race of man toward self-extinction.                                                                                                                 

 Orbiting Satellite Observatory

OSO Satellite     Scientists at Cape Canaveral sent a solar observatory satellite into orbit.
     The satellite was designed to learn how solar radiation influences the weather and other conditions on earth, and how great a threat those conditions would be to manned space flight. 

     The satellite, nicknamed OSO, for Orbiting Satellite Observatory, was packed with instruments that would give scientists their first clear look at the basic mysteries of the sun. 

     Such observations would, for the first time be made from a vantage point above the distorting influence of earth's atmosphere. 

     Instruments on board included an x-ray spectrometer that could help in the prediction of solar flares.  The OSO had one of the most scientific payloads ever sent aloft.

     Less than an hour after launch, NASA reported receiving radio signals that indicated OSO was in orbit 350 miles above the earth.

 Protecting Pensions

     Senate and House conferees reached agreement on a compromise bill that was designed to protect $80 billion in pension and welfare funds. 

     A major item of the Kennedy administration agenda, the bill would add enforcement powers to the pension and welfare law that was passed in 1958.

     The measure that was agreed upon would cover pension and welfare plans operated solely by employers, plans operated by unions, and plans that were jointly managed.

     The 1958 law required managers of the plans to file public reports with the Secretary of Labor, but gave that office almost no power to uncover or deal with abuses.

     The new bill agreed upon in committee would give the Secretary authority to require full and accurate details , provide the power to investigate violations, and enforce the provisions with court injunctions.

     There would be criminal penalties for those who offered, accepted, or solicited bribes or kickbacks in the course of administering the plan, for making false statements in the reports, and for stealing or embezzling plan funds or property.

     The full bodies of the Senate and House still needed to act on the  bill.

     If passed, it would protect the pension and welfare funds of 90 million Americans.                                                                 


First Montana Mega-Load
Minuteman Transporter     Great Falls residents got their first look at a gigantic Minuteman Missile carrier.

     A huge tractor trailer carrying a dummy Minuteman Missile arrived in the Electric City, and was on display for public inspection for about five hours in downtown Great Falls.

     The 64 foot long tractor trailer weighing 54 tons came from a Yuma, Arizona Proving Grounds.

     The rig was brought in to test its operating efficiency, and give crews practice in placing the missiles in the silos.

     When actual Minuteman installations take place in the summer, the missiles will be flown in to Malmstrom Air Force Base, then transported to the various launch sites by the unique transport unit.  



 Boxcar ShortageBoxcar
    Jack Holmes, Chairman of the Montana Railroad Commission, appealed to the Montana congressional delegation for their support of pending legislation that would alleviate a nationwide boxcar shortage.

    Holmes pointed out a report in the Wall Street Journal that said the major reason for the shortage appeared to be an economic upturn that had caught some railroads at a time  when heavy losses of previous years had curtailed new freight car purchases, and prevented the repair of older cars.

     Holmes said Montana was only getting about 7% of the cars that had been ordered in grain shipping areas of the state.

     He believed much of the problem in the west was caused by eastern railroads that were not returning boxcars that had been sent out of this region.

     Holmes was chairman of the car shortage committee of the National Association of Railroad and Utility Commissioners.


 Nuclear Disaster Hospital May Have To Be Moved

Department of Health, Education and Welfare     Two branches of the U. S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare were at odds over a  200 bed hospital in Montana.

     The hospital facilities had been sent from Florida to Malta, Montana for use in case of a nuclear disaster. 

     The hospital was placed in Malta because it was considered to be far enough away from Glasgow Air Base, so that it would not be a prime target in the event of a nuclear attack on the Air Force installation.

     The hospital facilities were being stored in a building that once belonged to the Bureau of Land Management.  The building was leased by the Phillips County School District from the Surplus Property Utilization Division of the U.S. Health, Education and Welfare Department.  That agency ruled that the building could not be used to store the hospital facilities because it did not have an educational purpose.

     The federal agency gave the Phillips County Civil Defense Department until June of 1963 to find a new location for the hospital.

    Dr. John S. Anderson, State Health Board Director said it seemed to him that the two segments of one branch of the government should be able to get together and work out the problem.  If they were able to do so, the hospital would not have to be moved.  He said there was no other building suitable for the purpose in Malta, and speculated that if the hospital was moved, it would be moved out of state.                                                                                                                                                                                       

 Wilt Hits 100
Wilt Chamberlain     Wilt "The Stilt" Chamberlain had the hottest night of his career when he shattered the NBA  scoring record with a 100 point performance  at Hershey Sports Arena in Hershey, Pennsylvania.

     The 7 foot 1 center scored 36 field goals and hit 28 out of 32 from the foul line to hit the century mark, leading the Philadelphia Warriors to a 169 to 147 win against the New York Knickerbockers.

     The opponents did all they could to keep the ball away from Chamberlain in the final minutes.  He hit the record shattering basket with 46 seconds left on the clock.

     The crowd poured onto the court in celebration.  When play resumed, Wilt "The Stilt" stood at center court, not wanting to touch the ball.  He later said  100 sounded better than 102.

    The Philadelphia 76ers eventually obtained the court on which that game was played.  A majority of it is being preserved for posterity, to be displayed at various venues including the Wells Fargo Center where they play their home games. Part of it will be donated to the Naismith Memorial National Basketball Hall of Fame in Springfield, Massachusetts.

     On March 2nd, the 50th anniversary of that historic game, ticket holders attending the 76ers-Warriors game at Wells Fargo Center will be going home with a piece of basketball history.  Each will receive a specially mounted 2" by 2" piece of the court that historic game was played on.      



Also in the News.........

Mercury 7 Astronauts Front l-r Virgil Grissom, Scott Carpenter, Deke Slayton, and Gordon Cooper  Back l-r Alan Shepard, Walter Schirra and John Glenn     Enthusiastic cheers, and a torrent of confetti greeted John H. Glenn all along the Manhattan parade route where others, including aviation pioneer Charles Lindberg had gone before him.  Also in the ticker tape parade were the six other Mercury astronauts, Deke Slayton, Alan Shepard, Virgil Grissom, Gordon Cooper, Scott Carpenter and Wally Schirra.

     One political cartoonist may have had a crystal ball.  He published a cartoon titled "No Hitching On".  It showed Glenn in a parade, with a donkey riding on the back bumper.  A sign next to the donkey said "Political Advantage".

     An atomic power plant went into operation at the South Pole.  The medium sized plant would provide electricity for McMurdo Sound, the U.S. scientific base in the Antarctic.

     The nation's first K-mart store opened in March of 1962 in Garden City, Michigan. That store is still open today.

     Actor George C. Scott described the Academy Awards as a "weird beauty or personality contest" and asked that he be taken out of the running for Best Supporting Actor,  He was nominated for his portrayal of Bert Gordon in "The Hustler".

     The Defense Department announced that Fort Harrison would be receiving $258,000 for improvements at the National Guard facility.  Funds were to be used for the building of 12 barracks, 3 mess halls, and supply, squadron and regimental headquarter buildings.                                                                                                                                                                  

 Here at the Station.........

Scene from The Last Command     Sterling Hayden played Jim Bowie, and J. Carroll Nash had the role of Santa Ana in an exciting account of the Battle of the Alamo...in "The Last Command", on KBLL Presents Hollywood.

     When a young drover was killed on the trail, his fellow cowboys were determined to raise money for the man's widow on "Rawhide".

     On the "Hathaways", fearing they might lose their love-lorn housekeeper, Walter and Elinor rounded up some eligible males to keep her on the job.

     Jack took second place when he competed with a 12 year old girl violinist in a battle of violin virtuosity on the "Jack Benny Program".

     On "Pete and Gladys", Gladys began a secretarial career in Pete's office.  She touched off a feud with the company efficiency expert and stirred up a revolt among the female office help.

     Peter Gunn confronted a pretty client, a thug who was supposed to be her husband, a Las Vegas card dealer and a crooked Politian.  All four were involved in a plot to get their hands on some incriminating papers. 

     To carry out President Lincoln's orders, Bronco Lane volunteered to take a million dollar shipment of gold to Mexico on "Cheyenne"'

     On "Hennessey", Chick pulled his boxing gloves out of mothballs and entered the ring to participate in the President's physical fitness program.

     Professor Ludwig Von Drake became an anchorman, and reported on the New Orleans Mardi Gras, and Rio De Janeiro Carnival on "Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color"'
     On "Bonanza", the Cartwright's played cupid for a shy Ponderosa ranch hand who had fallen for a spinster school teacher.




At the first week in March 50 years ago.

For a fascinating look at Helena's past visit Kennon Baird's Website
Helena As She Was

This feature is intended to be an entertaining look at our world in years gone by. It is in no way intended to be biased, nor are comments intended to offend anyone. While we encourage viewer comment, we do reserve the right to condense, edit or omit them should we feel such action is necessary.














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